No lead left behind: Procedural outcome of excimer laser powered extractions in patients with abandoned leads - A GALLERY subgroup analysis

Enida Rexha (Hamburg)1, D.-U. Chung (Hamburg)1, A. Schlichting (Hamburg)1, L. Kaiser (Hamburg)1, S. Pecha (Hamburg)2, K. Hassan (Hamburg)3, N. Geßler (Hamburg)1, H. Reichenspurner (Hamburg)2, S. Willems (Hamburg)1, S. Hakmi (Hamburg)3

1Asklepios Klinik St. Georg Kardiologie & internistische Intensivmedizin Hamburg, Deutschland; 2Universitäres Herz- und Gefäßzentrum Hamburg Klinik und Poliklinik für Herz- und Gefäßchirurgie Hamburg, Deutschland; 3Asklepios Klinik St. Georg Herzchirurgie Hamburg, Deutschland



Lead dwell time > 10 years, has been recognized as a predictive factor for procedural failure of transvenous lead extraction (TLE). However, there is a limited information concerning the specific outcomes of TLE for abandoned leads when employing the excimer laser-powered sheath.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the procedural outcomes of individuals with abandoned leads undergoing TLE with excimer laser-powered sheath as first tool strategy.



A subgroup analysis of patients with abandoned leads of the GALLERY (GermAn Laser Lead Extraction RegistrY) database was conducted. Patients were categorized into two groups based on the presence of abandoned leads at the time of extraction: Group 1 for those with abandoned leads, and Group 2 for those without abandoned leads.



Among the 2524 patients, 749 individuals (29.7%) had abandoned leads (Group 1) at the time of the procedure. Patients in Group 1 were typically older (69.1±13 vs. 67.6±14.1 years; p=0.026) and 23.5% were female. Leading extraction indication was local infection (37.4% vs. 34.3%, p=0.145), systemic infection (33.2% vs. 26.6%, p=0.001) and lead dysfunction (24.3% vs. 33.5%, p<0.001). Additionally, more patients in Group 1 presented with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices (30.4% vs. 22.9%, p<0.001). Significant differences were observed in the mean number of total leads (3.4±1.1 vs. 2.0±0.7, p<0.001), median age of the oldest lead (117 vs. 87 months; p<0.001), and the number of right-sided leads (41.7% vs. 29.5%, p<0.001), all of which were higher in Group 1.

Median hospital stay (10 vs. 9 days; p=0.002), median procedural time (105 vs. 75 minutes; p<0.001) and use of additional tools (11.2% vs. 4.7%, p<0.001) were significantly higher in Group 1. There was no difference regarding clinical success (p=0.32) between the groups. However, complete procedural success was significantly higher in Group 2 (84.9% vs. 94.2%, p<0.001).

All-cause mortality did not differ between the groups (p=0.111) but procedural-related mortality was higher in Group 1 (2.9% vs. 0.6%, p<0.001). The overall complications rate was also significantly higher in Group 1 (5.7% vs. 3.7%, p=0.03).



Patients with abandoned leads presented an increased procedural complexity, less procedural and clinical success despite the use of multiple tools, longer hospital-stay and higher procedure-related mortality rates. Therefore, an extraction strategy should be considered before deciding to abandon non-functional or dysfunctional leads.

Diese Seite teilen