First experiences with protected VT ablation using surgical Impella 5.5

Karin Nentwich (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)1, H. Hijazi (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)1, E. Ene (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)1, A. Lenos (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)1, A. Berkovitz (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)1, S. Kerber (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)2, T. Deneke (Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale)1

1RHÖN-KLINIKUM AG Campus Bad Neustadt Klinik für Kardiologie II / Interventionelle Elektrophysiologie Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale, Deutschland; 2RHÖN-KLINIKUM AG Campus Bad Neustadt Kardiologie Bad Neustadt a. d. Saale, Deutschland



Ablation of ventricular arrhythmias (VA) is still challenging due to the complex substrate of the underlying heart disease. Depending on specific risk factors acute hemodynamic decompensation during or after VT ablation procedures may occur and hemodynamic support may be required.

Protected VA ablation with different devices has been evaluated but associated complications like bleeding, vascular closure or weaning from the device have been restrictive. We present data on a dedicated approach to patients with anticipated hemodynamic deterioration using preventive surgical Impella support.



5 patients (2 female) underwent protected VT ablation under our standardized protocol. Indication for Impella support was severely impaired left ventricular function and multiple medical therapy refractory ventricular arrhythmias. 4 patients had conventional VT ablation before. Mean age was 66,8 years, mean CHADSVASC 4,4, 1 patient with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (CMP), 1 with hypertrophic non-obstructive CMP, 3 patients with ischemic CMP. Mean EF was 20%, mean mixed venous saturation was 36 %, mean PAINESD score 27. In all patients a 5.5. Impella was implanted surgically 1 day before planned VT ablation via the right subclavian artery. VT ablation procedure started with substrate mapping, VT induction and activation mapping of the inducible VT to identify the critical VT isthmus. Ablation was directed to dissection of the critical isthmus of inducible VAs and elimination of all late potentials within low voltage areas. The Impella device was explanted after weaning off the hemodynamic support.



Implantation of Impella 5.5 was successfully performed in all patients in general anesthesia without any complication via surgical approach. Specifically, no access site vascular complications were noted. In 4 patients the VT ablation procedure was performed in analgosedation, 1 patient in GA as this patient was intubated due to recurrent VA requiring defibrillation. Mean procedure time was 125 min, radiation time 1,3 min, inducible VTs 1,3 , median 2 morphologies. In all patients all inducible VTs could be eliminated, in 1 patient polymorphic VA was still inducible at the end of the procedure. Impella was explanted after mean 5,2 days (3-11 days). No complications occurred. All patients were discharged alive on heart failure medication and in 2 patients with amiodaron. At a mean follow up of 3.5 months, all patients are alive without VA recurrence and heart failure decompensation.



Surgical Impella implantation for protected VT ablation in severe heart failure patients is feasible and allows for effective VT mapping and ablation. Access site safety and protection for heart failure decompensation in addition to the possibility of individually mobilisation and weaning after the procedure make this protocol an attractive option for severly sick heart failure VT patients. Further data and prospective evaluation of standardized indication is needed.


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