Electrocardiographic Markers of Atrial Cardiomyopathy for identification of Persons at Risk for Ischemic Stroke – Comparison of the novel Marker to the known ECG-Markers and Clinical Risk Factors

Taiyuan Huang (Bad Krozingen)1, S. Aldaoud (Freiburg im Breisgau)2, B. Müller-Edenborn (Freiburg im Breisgau)3, N. Pilia (Freiburg im Breisgau)2, C. Ahlgrim (Bad Krozingen)1, M. Eichenlaub (Bad Krozingen)1, J. Allgeier (Bad Krozingen)1, C. Keyl (Bad Krozingen)1, F.-J. Neumann (Bad Krozingen)4, D. Trenk (Bad Krozingen)5, D. Westermann (Freiburg im Breisgau)6, T. Arentz (Bad Krozingen)7, A. S. Jadidi (Luzern)8

1Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg / Bad Krozingen Klinik für Kardiologie und Angiologie Bad Krozingen, Deutschland; 2Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg / Bad Krozingen Freiburg im Breisgau, Deutschland; 3Artemed Klinikum St. Josefskrankenhaus Innere Medizin - Kardiologie Freiburg im Breisgau, Deutschland; 4Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg / Bad Krozingen Klinik für Kardiologie und Angiologie II Bad Krozingen, Deutschland; 5Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg / Bad Krozingen Klinische Pharmakologie Bad Krozingen, Deutschland; 6Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg - Bad Krozingen Innere Medizin III, Kardiologie und Angiologie Freiburg im Breisgau, Deutschland; 7Universitäts-Herzzentrum Freiburg / Bad Krozingen Rhythmologie Bad Krozingen, Deutschland; 8Luzerner Kantonsspital Herzzentrum Luzern, Schweiz


Background: Atrial cardiomyopathy is associated with increased risk for future atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke. Several ECG-derived parameters have been reported to assess the risk for future ischemic stroke.
Purpose: To predict risk of future ischemic stroke by comparison of the novel parameter duration of the amplified digital sinus-p-wave (APWD; 80mm/mV; 175mm/sec) vs previously described p-wave indices and clinical risk factors (cerebrovascular disease (CVD), CHADS-VASc-score).

Methods: P-wave-derived parameters were measured on digital 12-lead-sinus-ECGs (recorded +/- 6 months from the clinical stroke event) using the software “ECG-Precision-Analysis V-1-2023”.

and clinical CHA2DS2-VASc Score was assessed in 80 patients with ischemic stroke (no history of AF, no oral anticoagulation (OAC)) and compared to 80 control patients (without OAC, AF or ischemic stroke within the next five years).
Results:  Patients with ischemic stroke vs control patients presented a higher CHA2DS2-VASc Score (3.7 vs 3.2, p=0.04), had more frequently heart failure (25% vs 13%, p=0.04) and cerebrovascular atherosclerotic disease with stenosis >40% ((22.5% vs 10%, p=0.032).

P-wave indices were as follows in patients who developed ischemic stroke within the next 12 months versus patients without stroke within a follow-up period of five years, respectively: APWD (144 vs 128ms, p<0.0001), non-amplified SPWD (118 vs 116ms, p=0.081), A-PTF-V1 (-4660 vs -3860µV*ms, p=0.005), durations and amplitudes of terminal-p-wave in V1 (A-Duration-V1 (83 vs 79ms, p=0.119), A-Amplitude-V1 (-50µV vs -50µV, p=0.028),  and advanced interatrial block (aIAB in 25% vs 3.8% of patients; p<0.0001.

The novel ECG-derived parameter (duration of the amplified sinus-P-wave >140ms) was the best predictor for future ischemic stroke (accuracy: 74%, sensitivity and specificity: 61% and 86%, respectively; PPV: 82%; area under ROC: 0.776). Sensitivity and specificity of the SPWD, aPTFV1 and aIAB were significantly lower (SPWD>120ms: sensitivity 35% and specificity 78%, PPV: 61%; aPTFV1 ≤-5000µV*ms, accuracy: 61%, sensitivity 46%% and specificity 75%, PPV: 65%; aIAB: accuracy: 61%, sensitivity 25% and specificity 96%, PPV: 87%).

Conclusions: Among the currently identified ECG markers of atrial cardiomyopathy, the novel APWD and advanced interatrial block have the best predictive performances for diagnosis of persons at risk for ischemic stroke.

Diese Seite teilen